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Promoting Soybean as a Cash Crop: Determinants and Possible Impacts.  

Promoting Soybean as a Cash Crop: Determinants and Possible Impacts.

This case study was jointly conducted by the Farming Systems Research/Extension and Socio-Economics Component in order to document, assess and learn lessons from the experience of promoting soybean cash cropping in Xiengeun District, Luang Prabang Province. Such lessons learned will be relevant to the on-farm trials being conducted by LSUAFRP on integrated corn and soybean cropping. . Commercial production of soybean is a potential source of income to farmers, traders and government. Stakeholders, market factors and communication structures are some of the major determinants to successful promotion of soybean as a cash crop in Northern Laos. However, being a new cash crop, soybean production faces many challenges. Rapid large scale monoculture promotion should be done with caution. Policy guidelines that encourage integrated farming systems plus supportive market information can help promote sustainable soybean production. Likewise a review of existing trading policies needs to be done to motivate farmers and traders for continued soybean production. . The concerted efforts of government, private sector, donor agencies and farmers will maximize positive impacts from agro-ecological, economic, socio-cultural or policy institutional aspects. By being aware of possible negative impacts, stakeholders can be better prepared to put in place the crucial safeguards to cushion such impacts. . The experiences derived from this study show that providing sufficient technical know-how to both farmers and DAFEO staff in growing a new cash crop will ensure improved yields. Establishing a regular monitoring and feedback system can provide timely support and solution to production problems encountered in the field. It is important that LSUAFRP initiates establishing a market information system that links producers with markets and the private sector but taking care to balance the interests of all stakeholders. Open communication among stakeholders should be encouraged. As a kind of action research, documentation of the processes being undertaken by the program to promote soybean cash cropping is needed. The socio-cultural aspects related to farmers? adoption behavior is necessary to study and document.

Published by: National Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute (NAFRI) -
Uploaded on: Jun 2006
File size: 327 KB - Language: English
Keyword(s): Agriculture
Category: Farming

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